Technological progress is rapidly sweeping the planet, increasingly taking root in everyday life: have invented clever clock regulating physical activity, invented a very thin smartphones and other interesting gadgets.For all of these people have completely forgotten about its natural origin and do not take care of the environment, since the amount of waste produced annually by modern society is inexorably rising, and recycling of waste has been too few enterprises.The worst thing to waste processing things in lagging countries to develop, alone there are countries in Africa.Russian Federation, to the chagrin of environmentalists, the baton for disposal of the Soviet Union did not accept, items of glass and waste paper collection in the provincial towns were gone, leaving only those that accept scrap metal.
Recycling - a special set of measures, which includes, firstly, to collect not only the regular garbage, but also any related produ
So, from recycled paper fiber raw materials can be obtained, which can then serve as a main component of paper and cardboard;of oil, for any reason not used directly receive various oil and bitumen from electronics - board of chemicals - various acids and so on.Thus ecologists call the population of Russia to distinguish the concept of "processing" from "waste" as an ordinary burning of plastic or some other plastic items can often harm the environment to a greater degree than normal burial.
collected at collection points metal in most cases goes to the smelter, mostly it subjected to a variety of non-ferrous metals such as copper, aluminum, ferrous metals (iron), as well as some technical alloys, common in everyday life.Different batteries that are available in Europe, can be recycled at the present day completely, and, regardless of whether they can be recharged.Thus, the lithium-ion and a nickel-hydride battery, metal undergo a process of recovery of metals, while as alkaline - hydro- and pyrometallurgical processes, that is, processing at enormously high temperatures.
All in the same Europe, and in some cities in the US and Canada, there are special grounds musosbornye which are usually located near a residential area near the exit from them.At the sites located separate containers for batteries, metal, plastic, paper, textiles and footwear.After the machine population waste transported to the sorting center, there is a selection of things more suitable for use.Subsequently, wash them and sent to special institutions for the poor, as well as churches and the Red Cross.removed various metal components from the unsuitable clothes and shoes, and she additionally sorted, depending on what material is made.So, from jeans to receive papers and from different trainers and sneakers after grinding - leather and various rubber coating.
Germany and the Netherlands are in the lead in Europe in terms of the peculiar environmental rating processing, as that is where is the largest number of plants processing waste on special technology.For example, in Munich only recently been elevated to a new TUV plant host system that provides full processing of absolutely all incoming medical, biological and technical waste in a special, closed, loop, that is, without any residue.Invented this technology has been in the Netherlands, and now the government has already outlined in the nearest future the construction of plant of this kind in the country.
absolute leader in the processing is Sweden, which has almost absolute indicator of recycling.On the territory of the country so effectively operate 32 power plants that produce electricity by burning garbage, the government is forced to buy trash from other countries - the UK, Norway, Ireland.According to statistics, every year the city dweller produces about 461 kilograms of waste, of which about half of the required processing, is burned for the same time a little more than two and a half million tonnes.Many experts believe that this is connected with a stunning efficiency ratio feature of the legislation: the fact that in Sweden it is the manufacturer and is responsible for collecting the produced products, and for its disposal or recycling.
perfect example is also the activity of the American company Nike, which recently set the tone for your industry, for example, football and basketball with some form utsenёnnymi shirts created from used plastic bottles, which Nike is buying in mass quantities.Recently, the company and at all has gone to unprecedented step of opening a store in Shanghai, whose interior is completely made of material obtained in the course of recycling;in the course of the work, all podiums, shelves and trim were performed mechanically, without the use of any adhesives.