- tariffs for the population
- measurement in watt hours or multiples
counter of electric energy (hereinafter - the counter) -this measuring device which provides a direct measurement and calculation of electrical energy.Since the discovery of the first counter in 1889 by Hungarian scientist Otto cronyism and mass production counters Hungarian company "Sapg" substantially changed as the design of the device itself, and the demands on the functionality thereof.
Depending on the purpose for which the counters are used, they are divided into two groups: the counters of the technical accounting and meters for custody transfer.The first intended to control the use of electricity consumers of own needs of power plants, substations and some industrial areas.The latter is used for financial settlements with industrial customers and the public.In high-rise building installation of such meters is happening in the story or the housing panel.
To understand how to count electricity at the meter, you need to understand how it works.The meter is an integrating device, which carries out the measurement of electrical energy in Wh or multiple units to them.Today, there are two types of counters: this induction, which is used to measure the interaction of the magnetic field of the fixed coils of conductive disk and electronic, whose action is based on the use of items of electronic equipment.The last are more accurate and reliable, and are becoming more widely used.
payment calculation for the light on the meter is carried out based on the amount consumed (released) for the measurement of electricity meter directly.Multiplying this value by the cost per kilowatt-hour, you can see what should be the payment of electricity.To counter the direct connection the consumed (released) power is defined as the difference of readings at the end and at the beginning of the measurement.When the transformer is turned on counters must also take into account the transformation ratio.
Price, whereby consumers pay electricity retail tariff is determined.He is now set-supplier based on the average purchase price per megawatt of electricity tariffs for the supply (they pay supplying company for the transmission of electricity corresponding to the local mains voltage class), as well as the coefficient of standard process losses at different voltage classes.
also used to estimate the amount of electric power, multirate counters can be used.Unlike the single-rate, they ensure the implementation of accounting for two-zone and three-zone rates.To pay for electricity on the counter with the "band" charging should be based on the amount of electricity consumed at different times of the day.Thus, dual-zone rate implies a different price of one kilowatt-hour of the day and night.The three-band tariff maximum rate will be at peak times (from 8.0 to 0.0 and from 7.0 to 1.0), the average - in the hours semipeak loads (from 6.0 to 8.0, from 0.0 to 7.0 and from 1.0 to 3.0), and the minimum - at night(from 3.0 to 6.0).
Today tariffs for the population are very different.They, in particular, depend on the place of residence of the population (residents of the city or the countryside), the availability of the house and electric cookers Electro-installations (these features have a significant impact on the power delivered to the home).The ability to use multi-tariff counters discussed with the local electricity supply company, a special agreement is made.