What is the planet Mars ?

What is the planet Mars ?

Space has long been attracted by the best minds of humanity and just curious people with its unsolved mysteries.For example, many people are concerned about how well looks like the planet Mars?Well, today, thanks to powerful telescopes and photographs taken from satellites, we can answer this question!

Mars - is the fourth planet from the Sun, Earth's closest neighbor.Another name for the planet, which received its gordoeimya in honor of the Roman god of war - the red planet.All thanks to the fact that the surface of Mars has a reddish-brown color, since the local ground in abundance of iron oxide.If you look at the planet in a powerful telescope, you can see the longitudinal stripes on its surface.Till 1965 among scientists, it was thought that this - the channels of the irrigation system, but the "Mariner" interplanetary station expedition proved that on Mars, due to the low pressure in the liquid form of water is almost there, and longitudinal stripes - just an optical illusion.

the diameter of Mars is approximately 2 times the size of Earth.His relief is very peculiar.Most of the planet's surface looks like a desert crisscrossed with canals, ditches and valleys, there is even a whole system of canyons and mountain ranges.The poles of Mars are covered with a layer of ice.

In addition, the planet's surface is densely dotted with craters left by meteorites, which fall freely on Mars, as its atmosphere is sparse and does not prevent it.Craters like giant bowls - with raised edges and concave bottom.Some of them form a whole peaks.

Clouds are formed only at high altitudes, are also common phenomena such as fog and frost - from the Earth, it looks the same.Because of the wind, which on Mars can reach considerable speeds, but generally weaker than the Earth, one can observe light streaks and swirls on the surface of the planet.

In light of the fact that in the near future Mars colonists offer expeditions, readers may be interested in the question of how Mars looks "inside", with the surface of the planet, but that's a topic for another article.