- elementary knowledge of the history
- ability to analyze
Many tourists mistakenly believe that all of Venice at home lying on the water.Of course, this is a very fascinating history and legend, but it is actually quite different.As we know more of the history textbook, Venice was built on a large number of small islands.
But the town itself being constructed at numerous wooden piles of larch, which eventually helped to create a completely new architectural style, striking not only for its beauty and uniqueness, but also the ability to protect the house from the city of destruction due to water invasion.
So, how to build a house in Venice, what was the idea of architects themselves?As is known, if the water in the channel rises at least half a meter, the city flood that has already happened more than once.So, all the houses are on stilts made of larch, which, in turn, has excellent waterproof properties.
also does not decay with increasing humidity, and stay in the water, which is especially important in the case of the Venetian lands.This tree grows in the Alps, and the Venetians out of it and get another resin, better known as the Venice turpentine.But there is quite a relevant question, but what are fixed piles in the water, slippery with slime and silt?
The ancient builders of the city found out that a viscous muddy soil and a deep layer of silt hidden layers resistant clay.This discovery was significant, and the impetus for the construction of this romantic city, as if to drive piles to a considerable depth, it is possible to construct them strong enough and tall stone buildings.That's the main answer to the question of how to build a home in Venice.
All Venetian building looks like stone but is actually made of bricks at 90%, with a plastered stone.Brick by its structure is a porous material, and therefore, perfectly absorbs moisture and moves it through the capillaries.Knowing such details, Venetian builders on top of piles of larch have formed the foundation of brick, and on the level of the sidewalk paving stones a couple of series, imported from the Istrian peninsula.
This solid build has a major barrier to rising damp.However, the global flood is not always such a clutch saves, but one way or another, these sturdy structures have allowed Venice to survive after the flood, in addition to modern builders have managed to quickly restore the flooded city.